Exploring Attention Deficient and Hyper Activity Disorder and Social Stigma: An Associational Perspective

  • Farooq Ahmad Khan PhD Scholar, Department of Rural Sociology, The University of Agriculture Peshawar
  • Nizar Ahmad Department of Sociology & Political Science, Bacha Khan University Charsadda
  • Younas Khan Lecturer, Department of Sociology and Political Science, Bacha Khan University Charsadda
Keywords: ADHD, Children’s, Social Stigma, Chi-square, Peshawar


Background and Objective. Attention Deficient and Hyper Activity Disorder (ADHD) is a behavioral disorder prevailed among child (below 18 years) is confined to children affect child in all aspects of life including developmental, social, educational and cognition. The present endeavor was designed to explore the association between social stigma (independent variable) and ADHD (dependent variable) patients in Peshawar city through quantitative methods i.e. Chi square test statistics through cross tabulation and indexation.
Method. This study was conducted in three major hospitals of Peshawar city. Data was collected through a well-structured interviewed schedule from 127 sampled respondents. Further the collected data was analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results. A highly significant (P=.00) association was found between ADHD and social stigma attributes i.e. sampled respondents were highly stigmatized due to the prevalence of ADHD; normal interaction with own family members were prevailed in terms of eating, however, Parents give ADHD patient less concentration than normal kids were explored from the study findings through associational (chi-square) test statistics.
Implications. It could be concluded from the study findings that, a social repercussions of ADHD was considered as stigma-provoking agent of inferiority complex with prone personality disorder/ resulting into a state of social exclusion of ADHD patients from all walk of life.


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