Self-Criticism, Attribution Style, Hope, and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents

  • Naveeda .
  • Raiha Aftab National Institute of Psychology, QAU
Keywords: Self-criticism, attribution style, hope, depressive symptoms


Background. Mental health problems are most commonly underreported or kept undiagnosed in
the developing countries. Manifestation of such issues during adolescence could result in long-term
adverse consequences. Thus, present study attempted to explore predictive role of self-criticism,
attribution style, and hope in depressive symptoms in adolescents.
Method. A sample of 290 students (145 male & 145 female; aged 11-23 years) was recruited from
different schools and colleges by using convenient sampling technique. The Forms of
Self-Criticizing/ Self-reassuring Scale (FSCRS) (Gilbert et al., 2004), The Measure of
Attributional Style (Kwon & Whisman, 1992), Psychological Capital Questionnaire (Luthans et al.,
2007), and Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995) were used to measure
self-criticism, attribution style, hope, and depressive symptoms.
Findings. Results revealed a significant positive relationship between self-criticism and
depression while significant negative association was found between depression and hope.
Furthermore, self-criticism and hope significantly predicted depressive symptoms in adolescents.
Comparison of family systems showed significant differences on hated-self, attribution style, hope,
and depressive symptoms. Results revealed that individuals belonging to joint family system
experience more hated-self, depressive symptoms, and attribute to internal causes while
individuals belonging to nuclear family system experience more hope and attribute to external
Conclusion. The study findings highlight the role of self-criticism, attribution style, hope, and
depressive symptoms in adolescents. Thus, present study may also help in evaluating and
eliminating risks associated with depressive symptoms. Teachers/parents and caregivers working
with adolescents may also benefit from the findings of the research. Implications of the findings are


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