Effect of Sexual Harassment on Suicidal Ideation: Moderating role of Interpersonal Support and Resilience

  • Mussarat Jabeen Khan International Islamic University Islamabad
  • Fauzia Batool International Islamic University Islamabad
  • Amal Mukhtar International Islamic University Islamabad
  • Hira Amjad International Islamic University Islamabad
  • Mehmoona Naseer International Islamic University Islamabad
  • Sana Naz International Islamic University Islamabad
Keywords: Female university students, interpersonal support, resilience, sexual harassment, suicidal ideation



Background:Recently, there has been numerous cases of sexual harassment reported by Pakistani female university students. Among the consequences of harassment, suicidal ideation is the most prominent one. However, interpersonal support or resilience among the survivors might act as protective factors against suicidal ideation. This study examines the effect of sexual harassment on suicidal ideation and role of interpersonal support and resilience as moderators among female university students of Pakistan.

Methods:This study is a cross-sectional correlational research. A convenient sample of 180 female university students who scored high on sexual harassment are selected from different institutions of Pakistan.Sexual Experiences Questionnaire, Interpersonal Support Evaluation List-12, Brief Resilience Scale, and Suicidal Ideation Scale are used to assess sexual harassment, suicidal ideation, interpersonal support, and resilience.

Results:Inter-correlations provided significant relationships between the study variables. Sexual harassment predicted suicidal ideation. While, regression analysis proved that both interpersonal support and resilience did not act as moderators between sexual harassment and suicidal ideation.

Conclusions:Findings of this study underscores the importance of conducting more researches on harassment and suicidal behaviors in order to predict both protective and risk factors.


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