Post-Traumatic Growth in Bereaved Individuals: Impact of Social Support and Socio-Demographic Variables

  • Syed Aziz Ud Din Agha National institute of psychogy
  • Muhammad Anis Ul Haque
Keywords: Social support, Education, Nature of death, Post-traumatic growth, Bereavement


Background. Social support and socio-demographic characteristics have been explored in
past studies which have examined post-traumatic growth. The main aim of this study was to
examine whether social support and socio-demographic variables (age of deceased, education
level of participants, and nature of death) are related to post-traumatic growth. Exploring mean
group differences on social support and post-traumatic growth were also focused.
Method. Data were collected from 260 bereaved parents and spouses in the age range of 20
–90 years (M = 45.20, SD = 14.57). Social Support Questionnaire-Short Form (Sarason et al.,
1987) and Post-traumatic Growth Inventory-Short Form (Cann et al., 2010) were used to asses
social support and post traumatic growth.
Results. Results indicated positive and weak relationship of social support with post-traumatic
growth. Mean group differences on socio-demographic characteristics were found to be
statistically non-significant and not meaningful. Age of deceased and education level of
participants significantly predicted post-traumatic growth; however nature of death and social
support did not significantly predict post-traumatic growth.
Conclusion. The findings draw attention to enhancing the quality of social support and
considering the socio-demographic characteristics in devising support plans for extremely
distressed individuals. Limitations of the study and directions for future researches are


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