Politics in the Government Organizations: The Moderating Role of Optimism to Control Deleterious Effects

  • Dr. Adnan Riaz Assistant Professor, Dept. of Business Administration, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Dr. Malik Muhammad Afzal Assistant Director Administration, Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Ministry of Science & Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Dr. Kashif Ur Rehman Vice Chancellor, City University of Science & Information Technology, (CUSIT), Peshawar
  • Dr. Rao Amir Khan Assistant Professor, Dept. of Management Sciences, COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Keywords: Government Employees, Perception of Politics, Affective Commitment, Turnover Intentions, Whistle Blowing, Counterproductive Behavior


Organizational politics severely disrupt the productivity and performance of government organizations and their employees. The prime objective of this study is to appear the vulnerabilities of politics in the outcomes of government organizations in terms of declining of affective commitment and whistle blowing, instigating to turnover intentions and counterproductive behavior towards assigned work. The moderating effect of “optimism” between the perception and adverse effects of politics has also been appraised. Employees working at managerial and executive level in federal government organization of capital territory, are treated as population. Simple random sampling and simple linear regression statistical techniques are used for data collection and data analysis. Perceived politics lessen employee’s commitment and increase counterproductive behavior as well as turnover intentions are the findings in response of 144 government employees. This is visible by this research that optimism as a psychological resource may counter the negative effects of organizational politics on various concerns and government employees are lessen involved in counterproductive activities and highly dedicated towards their job and organization.